Understanding Adenoid Infections

Most cases of sore throat are usually attributed to inflamed and infected tonsils. But did you know that your tonsils aren’t the only glands in your mouth prone to infection?

Your adenoids could get infected as well.

What You Need to Know About Adenoids

Your adenoids are masses of lymphatic tissue that helps your body fight infection. 

Located behind your nose and roof of your mouth, your adenoids keep you healthy by trapping harmful microorganisms that pass through your nose and mouth. They also produce antibodies to help your body fight infection.

Causes of Adenoid Infection

Adenoids may play roles in fighting infection but they too could get infected. When they are overwhelmed with bacteria and viruses, they could get inflamed and swollen. This condition is called adenoiditis.

Adenoiditis is more common in children as adenoids shrink progressively through childhood. 

Children who have recurring infections in their throat, neck, or head are more susceptible to developing adenoiditis. 

Symptoms of Adenoid Infection

The most common symptom of adenoiditis is difficulty breathing through the nose. This happens as swollen adenoids could block the airways.

Aside from difficulty in breathing, one may also experience the following:

  • Dry throat from mouth breathing
  • Sounding nasally when speaking
  • Snoring 
  • Ear pain
  • Stuffy nose
  • Sore throat
  • Runny nose with greenish or discolored mucus

The symptoms could vary, depending on the cause of infection.

Treating Adenoid Infection 

If adenoiditis is caused by bacteria, it’s usually treated with antibiotics. However, if the patient gets frequent infections including ear or sinus infections and antibiotics don’t seem to help, surgery may be recommended.

Adenoidectomy or surgical removal of adenoids is usually the procedure of choice. This is performed by a doctor specializing in ears, nose, and throat surgery.

If your child constantly suffers from adenoiditis, come and see us. 

At Greater Knoxville ENT, we have doctors who specialize in diagnosing and treating new and recurring adenoid infections.

You can request an appointment by calling us at (865) 244-4396.






When is it time for my child to see an ENT?

If your child suffers from recurring throat or ear infections, you should see a specialist as soon as possible. Greater Knoxville ENT’s Dr. Allen Rosenbaum explains why: 

Recurring Throat Infection

Strep throat is one of the most common causes of throat pain/discomfort in kids.

It is caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria. 

“When your child suffers from Strep throat, he/she could have trouble swallowing, loss in appetite, headache, nausea, abdominal discomfort, and when you inspect his/her throat, you could see red and white patches in it.”

Why You Should See a Specialist

“When left untreated, Strep throat could lead to serious complications. Just two weeks without treatment could cause the spread of the bacteria into other organs.”

In the past, tonsillectomy was viewed as the best solution for recurring throat infections. Recent studies, however, show that this procedure may come at the cost of your child’s respiratory health. 

“Seeing an ENT specialist can help pinpoint the possible causes of your child’s recurring throat infection and point you out to the most appropriate treatment/intervention.”

Recurring Ear Infection

Although ear infections are common in kids, recurrent ear problems aren’t. 

If your little one suffers from recurrent ear infections, seeing a doctor should be in your priority list. This could be a case of chronic ear infection.

Chronic ear infections can be chronic otitis media with effusion (occurs when the fluid stays in the ear for an extended period of time) or chronic suppurative otitis media (patients with this condition have recurring and persistent ear discharge).

When left untreated, chronic ear infections could lead to mastoiditis (an infection of the mastoid, the bone behind the ear) and cholesteatoma (growth of skin cells in the middle ear).

When To See a Specialist

If your child has a history of ear infections and you notice any of the following, then start setting an appointment with an ENT specialist:

  • difficulty speaking or reading
  • having difficulty responding to speech
  • limited attention
  • poor sense of balance

Greater Knoxville ENT has specialists who have years of experience in diagnosing and treating throat and ear infections. We have doctors who specialize in kids’ ENT problems.

To request an appointment, you may call us at (865) 244-4396.






What Are Winter Allergies?

Do you notice more allergy symptoms even when you’re spending more time indoors?

You may be having winter allergies.

What are winter allergies?

The cold season may give you a break from your pollen allergy but winter may also come with a different set of allergies.

When it’s getting cold and your furnace starts to kick in, it may send some dust mites, mold spores, and insects into the air. Once they get into your nose, it may trigger a reaction and hence, the allergy symptoms.

The Indoor Allergy Triggers

The following are some of the most common indoor allergy triggers:

  • Dust mites
    Usually lurking in furniture, bedding, and carpets, dust mites love warm, damp environments. Their dead bodies and poop can easily get into the household dust.

    Unwashed bedding and indoor heating can both make them worse and send them out into the air. 
  • Mold
    Mold loves dark, moist areas like your bathroom and basement. A damp environment, which could develop as a result of leaky pipes can further promote their growth. 
  • Pet dander
    If you have a pet, then their dander may trigger an allergic response from you.

Do you have allergies or cold?

Allergies and cold produce similar symptoms but are two different things.

An allergy is your immune system’s response to irritants like mold or pet dander while a cold is caused by a virus. 

You are most likely having an allergic reaction if:

  1. Your mucus is clear.
    With an allergic reaction, your mucus is watery or clear and it will stay like that (in contrast to a cold where the mucus will become discolored).
  2. You’ve had the sniffles for more than a week now.
    Cold symptoms like the sniffles usually clear up within a week. If it lasts more than a week, then you are most likely having an allergic reaction.
  3. You’re not having body aches, fever, or cough.
    There are over 200 strains of viruses that can cause colds. Each produces different symptoms, including body aches, cough, and fever. An allergy usually doesn’t cause these.
  4. Your symptoms remain the same.
    If you have the same symptoms day after day, it is most likely an allergy.
    The symptoms are usually intense for the first few days but they often don’t progress to something else.
  5. Your symptoms show up in certain situations or places.
    Allergy symptoms typically occur in certain situations or places (e.g. staying indoors for too long, being in a house with a cat, etc.).Allergy symptoms can ruin your days. So, it’s important to avoid the possible triggers and see a specialist like an ENT find the most appropriate treatment options for you.

Greater Knoxville ENT has specialists who can help you. To request an appointment, you may call us at (865) 244-4396.






Sleep Apnea in Children

Does your child snore? Does he/she constantly toss and turn so much at night? Does he/she constantly appear sleepy during the day? If you answer YES to these, then your child may be suffering from sleep apnea.

What is sleep apnea?

Sleep apnea is a sleeping disorder in which the child has brief pauses in breathing while sleeping.

This condition affects about 1 to 4 percent of children in the United States. Although it can affect children at any age, this is usually seen in kids between the ages of 2 and 8.

What causes it?

Obstructive sleep apnea in children can be brought about by obesity and enlarged tonsils or adenoids. These extra tissues can partially or totally block the airway.

What are the symptoms of sleep apnea?

The following are the common symptoms of sleep apnea in children

  • Loud snoring at night
  • Mouth breathing
  • Coughing or choking at night
  • Sleep terrors
  • Sleeping in odd positions 
  • Bedwetting

Sleep apnea can disrupt a child’s sleep. Hence, you may notice the following during the daytime:

  • Fatigue
  • Falling asleep during the day
  • Difficulty waking up in the morning 

Is there a treatment for sleep apnea in children?

Some children outgrow sleep apnea. So, the doctor may monitor the condition for a while.

In some cases, topical nasal steroids may be prescribed to relieve nasal congestion.

If obesity contributes to sleep apnea, lifestyle changes will most likely be recommended. For obstructive sleep apnea caused by enlarged tonsils or adenoids, surgery may be needed

When sleep apnea doesn’t improve with the aforementioned treatment options, your child may need continuous positive airway pressure therapy or CPAP. 

With CPAP, your child will wear a mask that covers their mouth and nose while he/she sleeps. A machine will provide a continuous flow of air to keep their airway open.

If you suspect that your child suffers from sleep apnea, our specialists at Greater Knoxville ENT can help. You can schedule an appointment by calling (865) 244-4396.





What is postnasal drip?

It’s bothersome and you’ve actually thought it would never end – that tickle at the back of your throat, making you cough or clear your throat.

It’s called a post-nasal drip.

What causes a post-nasal drip?

Post-nasal drip is pretty much very common. It can happen to almost anyone.

Our noses have glands that produce mucus for fighting infections, keeping the nasal membranes moist, and filtering out foreign matter. 

When we’re experiencing an allergic reaction, having viral or sinus infections, and experiencing changes in weather, our body may produce more mucus.

The excess mucus may start accumulating at the back of our throats. We would start feeling the tickle in that area and sometimes, we may also feel it trickle down from our noses.

Are there home remedies for post-nasal drip?

Remedies for post-nasal drip could vary, depending on its underlying cause.

If it is caused by an infection that causes congestion, an over-the-counter decongestant might help.

Saline nasal spray, antihistamine, and nasal irrigation tools like neti pots could also help. 

An excess in mucus production should not be an excuse to forget about hydration. 

When you’re having a post-nasal drip, it’s very important to stay hydrated.

Warm tea or chicken soup can help thin out the mucus and prevent dehydration. And of course, the good, old plain water can definitely help too!

When should you see a specialist

If your post-nasal drip persists for 10 days or more even with home remedies, then it’s time to see a specialist.

You should also see a doctor if your mucus has a strong odor and if you’re having a fever and wheezing.

Greater Knoxville ENT has specialists who are well-experienced in diagnosing and treating conditions of the eyes, nose, and throat. You can request an appointment by calling us at (865) 244-4396.





Hearing Loss In Children

It is estimated that about 2-3 of every 1,000 children in the United States are born with hearing loss in one or both ears. 

When a child loses his/her sense of hearing at a very young age, it can affect his/her ability to develop language, communicate, and socialize with others. 

In the past, hearing loss in children usually goes unnoticed until they reach the age of 2 when he or she doesn’t talk yet. Now research is showing that treating the hearing loss before a child reaches 6 months of age results in a more favorable outcome. This results in newborn hearing screening, which becomes universal in hospitals in the United States.

What is hearing loss?

A hearing loss occurs when a part of parts of the ear is/are not working in the usual way.

Some of the most common signs of hearing loss in children include:

  • Not saying a single word by age 1
  • Does not turn to the source of noise after 6 months old
  • Does not get startled at loud noises
  • May turn when he/she sees you but does not do it when you call out his/her name
  • Does not follow directions
  • May turn up the volume of the TV too high

Common Causes of Hearing Loss in Children 

Hearing loss in children can be a result of a congenital or acquired condition.

Some of the congenital causes of hearing loss include autosomal recessive hearing loss, autosomal dominant hearing loss, a nervous system or brain disorder, and genetic syndromes such as Treacher Collins and Alport syndromes.

When a child suffers from hearing loss later in life, it can be a result of a perforated eardrum, infections like Meningitis and measles, a serious head injury, or untreated or frequent otitis media.

If you suspect that your child suffers from hearing loss, it’s important to see a specialist immediately. Early intervention can result in a more favorable outcome.

Greater Knoxville ENT has specialists who can help. We have years of experience in diagnosing and treating ear conditions, including those that may lead to hearing loss. 

To schedule an appointment, you may call us at (865) 244-4396.





What is balloon sinuplasty and how can it help you?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 30 million Americans or about 12 percent of the adult population suffers from sinusitis. 

What is sinusitis?

Sinusitis or inflammation of the tissue lining of the sinuses can result from anything that blocks the sinuses. It can be due to a common cold, allergic rhinitis, nasal polyps, or a deviated septum. 

While it’s rarely serious, sinusitis can cause a lot of discomfort. 

People with sinusitis often complain of facial pain or pressure, runny nose, nasal congestion, fatigue, dental pain, and even fever.

Balloon Sinuplasty for Sinusitis

Balloon sinuplasty is a type of endoscopic procedure, recommended for patients with a severe or chronic form of sinusitis.

It’s a minimally-invasive procedure adapted from angioplasty, where balloon catheters are used to dilate congested blood vessels near the heart.

How Balloon Sinuplasty Works

Patients with chronic sinusitis suffer from blocked and inflamed sinuses that cause problems in their breathing and even sleep.

Balloon sinuplasty dilates the openings of the major sinuses, draining the mucus, pus, and other discharges that cause the blockage.

Studies have shown that this procedure can significantly improve the symptoms 3-6 months after it’s done. 

Patients who underwent balloon sinuplasty also experience cleaner and more open nasal passages.

With its high success rate and low risk of complications, balloon sinuplasty has become one of the most sought after sinus procedures since its introduction in the mid-2000s. 

If you’re ready to end your suffering from chronic sinusitis, we can help. 

Greater Knoxville ENT has specialists who are adept in performing balloon sinuplasty. To request an appointment, you may call us at (865) 521-8050.






Sinus Infection? When Should You See a Doctor?

A sinus infection is a very common condition, affecting about 3 million Americans every year. 

What causes a sinus infection?

Sinusitis or a sinus infection can develop when the nasal cavities can become inflamed, swollen, or infected. 

Although it’s usually caused by a virus, bacteria and fungi may also lead to a sinus infection.

What are the symptoms of a sinus infection?

The most common symptoms of a sinus infection include nasal discharge, nasal congestion, sinus headaches, throat irritation, and cough.

In many cases, allergies, nasal polyps, and tooth infection can exacerbate the symptoms of a sinus infection.

When should you see a doctor?

Some cases of sinusitis can be resolved easily with some home remedies such as increasing hydration, getting enough sleep and taking decongestants. 

However, there are some cases of sinus infection that can’t be easily relieved with these interventions alone. A good example is a sinus infection caused by bacteria. 

If your sinusitis is due to a bacterial cause, you have to see a doctor to be prescribed with appropriate antibiotics.

You should also consider seeing an ENT specialist if your sinusitis symptoms persist over 2 weeks. 

Greater Knoxville ENT has specialists who can assess your condition and recommend the most appropriate treatment for you. You can request an appointment by calling us at (865) 244-4396.







National Audiology Awareness and National Protect Your Hearing Month. 

October is National Audiology Awareness and National Protect Your Hearing Month. 

Hearing loss is an increasing health concern in the country, but it’s one that’s highly preventable.

What causes hearing loss?

There are several factors that can lead to hearing loss in adults. This includes aging, otosclerosis (a type of middle ear disease), Meniere’s disease, ototoxic medications such as neomycin, head injury, and constant exposure to very loud noise.

How can you prevent hearing loss?

Contrary to popular belief, hearing loss is not an inevitable part of aging. 

There are some types of hearing loss that can be prevented through:

  • Minimizing exposure to loud noises

If you have to be in an event where exposure to loud noise is inevitable or if you’re constantly working with loud machines, getting ear protective devices as ear muffs can definitely help protect your hearing.

  • Avoiding or quitting smoking

Research shows that smokers are most likely to develop hearing loss than non-smokers.

  • Removing your earwax properly

When you have a buildup of earwax, it may cause you to have difficulty in hearing. But avoid using a cotton swab to clean your ears as you may end up pushing the wax further. 

A good cleaning method is using an at-home irrigation kit that will soften the wax and gently wash it out. If you have compacted ear wax, you may need to see a specialist to remove it.

  • Seeing a specialist if you have a family history of hearing loss

Early intervention can help in keeping hearing loss from progressing. If you have a family history of hearing loss or if you’re constantly exposed to loud noises and want to assess your hearing, it’s best to see a specialist.

Greater Knoxville ENT has a team of specialists who can help you. To request an appointment, you can call (865) 244-4396 or visit: https://www.greaterknoxent.com/contact/.






What’s the difference between a migraine and a headache?

The terms headache and migraine are often used interchangeably. And it’s pretty understandable. 

The pain from a migraine and tension from a headache are very similar. The discomfort may also be felt on either one or both sides of the head. 

But what’s the difference between the two?

Headache vs Migraine

Headache disorders cover a wide range of nervous system conditions that cause painful symptoms. These include headaches and migraines.

What’s a headache?

There are several types of headaches but medical experts classify them into two – primary and secondary. 

Primary headaches are independent conditions causing discomfort/pain in the head, face, or neck areas. 

Secondary headaches, on the other hand, are headaches that result from other medical conditions such as stress or medication overuse.

Tension headache is the most common type of headache. Over 40 percent of the population experience it.

As its name implies, tension headaches cause intense pressure around the head. It can be episodic (headaches that happen every 10-15 days of the month) or chronic (headaches that occur more often).

What’s a migraine?

A migraine is a type of primary headache that causes severe pain and other symptoms. 

People suffering from migraines may experience recurring symptoms, which doctors call episodes.

A migraine episode may occur in four distinct phases, although not everyone may experience all four:


This phase is characterized by sensitivity to light, sound, or smell, food cravings, unexplained mood changes, and frequent yawning.


The aura pertains to any sensory disturbance occurring before or during a migraine attack. This phase can affect a person’s vision, speech, or touch.


Migraine headaches can be mild to severe. The pain can get worse with physical activity and exposure to certain lights, sound, and smell.


This phase occurs once the headache subsides. During the postdrome phase, people usually feel exhausted, confused, or unwell.

Is it a headache or a migraine?

If a headache worsens with activity or with exposure to certain light, smell, or sound, then it could be a migraine. 

Whether it’s tension headache or migraine, you should see a specialist if your headache is interfering with your ability to function or if it’s greatly affecting your quality of life.

Greater Knoxville ENT has specialists who can help you. To request an appointment, you may call us at (865) 244-4396.





Do you breathe through your mouth?

Are you snoring, have a dry mouth, and experience chronic fatigue? Then you may be breathing through your mouth. Some people don’t realize that they breathe through their mouths instead of their noses. 

What causes mouth breathing?

A person may be a mouth breather for several reasons.

Kids who breathe through their mouths may do it as a result of a habit, their bite being off, or may have abnormally large tonsils that can obstruct breathing. 

For adults, mouth breathing may happen due to their medication or damaged glands as a result of radiation therapy or chemotherapy.

Why mouth breathing can be a problem?

An excessively dry mouth is one of the problems resulting from mouth breathing. Normally, the saliva continuously washes bacteria from the mouth. But when the mouth is too dry, it’s easier for the bacteria to take hold of the mouth and cause problems like cavities. 

Mouth breathing in children can also cause problems. Mouth breathing may cause the growth of the upper jaw (rather than the lower jaw), which can result in an overbite and gummy smile.

Breathing through the mouth can also cause sleeping difficulties. This is why chronic fatigue is common in those who are doing it.

What can be done about mouth breathing?

Just like anything else, it’s important to understand the underlying cause of mouth breathing before certain interventions could be recommended. 

If it’s due to abnormally large tonsils, then removing them might help. If it’s due to structural problems (e.g. child can’t close the flaps of his/her lips over front teeth), then orthodontic treatment may be sought.

If mouth breathing is a problem you’ve been struggling with for quite a while now, we can help. Greater Knoxville ENT has specialists who can help determine the cause of your mouth breathing. To request an appointment, you can call us at (865) 521-8050.






How to treat strep throat in kids

Strep throat is common among school-age kids. Although a sore throat is a common symptom of the condition, not all cases of it are due to strep.  

What causes strep throat in kids?

Strep throat is caused by the streptococcus bacteria (hence the name). It is contagious and can be spread to others through droplets. 

When an infected child coughs, sneezes, or talks, the bacteria can be breathed in or caught by others through touching contaminated objects or surfaces.

What are the symptoms of strep throat?

A child with strep throat may manifest the following symptoms:

* Difficulty or pain in swallowing

* Bright red, swollen tonsils

* Fever

* Tender glands in the neck

* Irritability

* Sleeping more than the usual

* Tiny red spots at the back throat of the mouth

* Poor appetite

* A red rash on the body that feels like sandpaper

How is strep throat treated?

Once confirmed, a child with strep throat will be prescribed with antibiotics. This should be taken as instructed to avoid other problems.

Usually, after a day or two of antibiotic therapy, your child will start feeling better. 

Aside from antibiotics, there are other solutions that can help your kid to feel better. This includes acetaminophen for the fever and throat pain, plenty of fluids, and soft foods that are easy to swallow.

It isn’t easy seeing your kid suffer from strep throat. If you suspect your child has it, see a specialist immediately. Strep throat can cause complications when left untreated. 

Greater Knoxville ENT (GKENT) has a team of specialists who are well-experienced in assessing, diagnosing, and treating conditions of the ears, nose, and throat. Call us at (865) 244-4396 to request for an appointment. 






rolex replicas for sale